Power distribution caters to both rural and urban areas, both of which have different characteristics. The consumer population in the rural areas is largely residential and agricultural, while in the urban areas, the consumer mix is residential, commercial, and industrial to a certain extent. Both the consumer segments have their distinct characteristics and their own set of problems.
Distribution in the urban areas is characterised by higher consumer density and higher rate of load growth. Moreover, a big challenge facing the power distribution sector is T&D losses. A number of technical and non-technical factors are contributing to the high transmission and distribution losses (T&D) such as not billing 100%, difficulty in identifying loss making areas, old conductors, voltage unbalancing, over loading of transformers, low collection efficiency etc.
Various schemes have been undertaken in the recent years to improve the power supply and reduce the losses in the urban areas. It includes adoption of IT applications for meter reading, billing & collection, energy accounting & auditing; MIS; redressal of consumer grievances; establishment of IT enabled consumer service centres, R&M of Sub Stations, Re- conductoring, Load Bifurcation and Load Balancing, HVDS, Installation of Capacitor Banks, Mobile Service Centers, Ariel Bunch Conductoring, Replacement of Electro Magnetic Meter with Electronic Meters etc.
In order to cater the needs of the urban distribution sector, various schemes have been taken by Central Government and State Government which are as under:
1. 24x7 Power for All
2. Integrated Power Development Scheme (subsuming erstwhile R-APDRP)
3. Smart Grid Pilot Project for Guwahati City